It is clear that smoking is related to increased risk of heart attack, stroke and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD).  Studies now show that second hand smoke also increases these risks.

A study by Angela M. Malek, PhD, from the Medical University of South Carolina published online June 23 in the American Journal of Preventive Medicine looked at secondhand smoke exposure in 21,743 participants .  The risk for stroke increased by 30% in those exposed.

Secondhand smoke is also linked to atherosclerosis, heart disease and heart attack.  “An increased risk of stroke was observed for never smokers (HR=1.42, 95% CI=1.05, 1.93); former smokers (HR=1.72, 95% CI=1.33, 2.22); and men and (cigarette-smoking) women with spouses who smoke” (Malek, et al).

Avoid exposure to first hand or second hand smoke.  Breathe a breath of fresh air.

The full text study may be found at:

The FDA has recently decided to remove trans-fats from our foods, as they finally recognized that trans-fats are not safe.  The process may take 3 years to have trans-fats removed from our food supply.  Still, it is a step in the right direction.  Trans-fats contribute to obesity, heart disease and type 2 diabetes.


Leonardo di ser Piero da Vinci’s Vitruvian Man.

Welcome to Your Body In Balance.

This website is designed to provide information on how to attain and maintain homeostasis; an internal and external optimal health balance.

The human body is a complex, living machine, created in perfect symmetry, proportion, balance and homeostasis.  Leonardo di ser Piero da Vinci’s Vitruvian man was chosen for this website to illustrate this concept.

Leonardo’s Vitruvian man was created to illustrate the thoughts of the first century Roman architect, Vitruvius.  Vitruvius believed that the human body was created in perfect symmetry and proportion and that the architectural design of a temple should reflect that symmetry, balance and proportion.   He illustrated this by drawing the figure of a man within both a circle and a square.

Leonardo’s illustration provided a new perspective of the man in two different poses within the circle and square and included fine lines superimposed on the figure that emphasize the proportion and balance.  Leonardo correlated the symmetry and balance of the human form to that of the universe. Vitruvian man represents the balance, symmetry, proportion and beauty blended in the human form, art, mathematics, science and architecture.

Your Body In Balance provides information and instruction on how to attain and maintain optimum health.
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